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Food Crops
Target Words
1. abandon 6. intensify
2. adversely 7. irrigation
3. aggregate 8. obtain
4. cultivation 9. photosynthesis
5. fertilize 10. precipitation
Definitions and Samples
1. abandon v. To leave; to give up
To save their lives, the sailors had to abandon the sinking ship.
Parts of speech abandonment n
2. adversely adv. In a harmful way; negatively
Excessive rainfall early in the spring can adversely affect the planting
of crops.
Usage tips Adversely is often followed by affect.
Parts of speech adversity n, adverse adj
3. aggregate adj. Gathered into or amounting to a whole
It is impossible to judge last year’s performance without knowing
the aggregate sales numbers.
Usage tips Aggregate is often followed by a term like sum, total, or
Parts of speech aggregate v, aggregate n
Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Click here for terms of use.
4. cultivation n. Preparing the land to grow crops; improvement for
agricultural purposes
With the development of land cultivation, hunters and gatherers
were able to settle in one place.
Parts of speech cultivate v
5. fertilize v. To supply with nourishment for plants by adding helpful
substances to the soil
This farm fertilizes tomatoes more than any other crop.
Parts of speech fertilizer n, fertilization n
6. intensify v. To increase in power; to act with increased strength
Jacob’s long absence intensified his certainty that he should marry
Parts of speech intensification n, intense adj
7. irrigation n. The supplying of water to dry land
In dry areas of the country, you can see ditches all over the farmland
for irrigation.
Parts of speech irrigate v
8. obtain v. To gain possession of; to get
After a series of difficult interviews, he finally was able to obtain
the job.
9. photosynthesis n. The process by which green plants make their
own food by combining water, salts, and carbon dioxide in the presence
of light.
Oxygen is a by-product of the process of photosynthesis.
Parts of speech photosynthesize v
10. precipitation n. Water that falls to the Earth’s surface
In the Pacific Northwest, the high level of precipitation ensures rich,
green plant life.
4 Nature
TOEFL Prep I Complete each sentence by filling in the blank with
the best word from the list. Change the form of the word if necessary.
Use each word only once.
abandoned precipitation cultivation fertilize photosynthesis
1. Through __________, green plants create organic materials with the
help of chlorophyll.
2. The coastal city gets half of its __________ during the months of January,
February, and March.
3. Farmers use various methods of land __________.
4. When they heard the hull crack, all but two of the sailors __________
5. Inexperienced gardeners may not realize how important it is that
they __________ their plants.
TOEFL Prep II Find the word or phrase that is closest in meaning
to the opposite of each word in the left-hand column. Write the
letter in the blank.
1. obtain (a) weaken
2. intensify (b) separate
3. irrigation (c) lose
4. aggregate (d) drainage
5. adversely (e) positively
TOEFL Success Read the passage to review the vocabulary you
have learned. Answer the questions that follow.
In countries like Niger and Mauritania, the cultivation of
land has changed little in the past several centuries.
Additionally, these countries’ mono-modal rainfall pattern
brings precipitation for only three months during the year.
As a result, food production doesn’t nearly meet demand.
Food Crops 5
Bonus Structure—
As a result means
“therefore,” “for
this reason.”
Several agencies and organizations have intensified their efforts to
increase the productivity of land in these countries.They have introduced
new strains of seed, improved irrigation techniques, and introduced new
methods of fertilization and soil management.With ample sunlight for
photosynthesis and modern irrigation techniques, sustainable farming
techniques should allow farmers to boost aggregate production in order
to meet demand.
Still, crop revitalization faces an unexpected adversary: institutional
incompetence.Where crop specialists have convinced individual farmers
to abandon old farming techniques in place of new, they can’t readily
obtain the governmental cooperation they need.The biggest hurdles are
political corruption, incompetence, and the absence of a marketing
1. In this passage, the word adversary is closest in meaning to
a. friend
b. helper
c. enemy
d. leader
2. In the last paragraph, the word they refers to
a. crop specialists
b. farmers
c. farming techniques
d. adversaries
Lesson 1 Food Crops
TOEFL Prep I 1. photosynthesis 2. precipitation 3. cultivation
4. abandoned 5. fertilize
TOEFL Prep II 1. c 2. a 3. d 4. b 5. e
TOEFL Success 1. c 2. a

Listening for Specific Information : WHO and WHAT

Speakers of short conversations in Part A of the Listhening Comprehension
section usually talk about more than one person. This may be confusing since the
questions may ask about who does what. Make sure that you remember which
person does what, and do not be confused by the different people mentioned.

When there are two persons mentioned in the second speaker’s line, distinguish
who does what.

Sample problem
On the recording, you will hear :
Man : Do you there’s a new member in the band now ?
Woman : Yes. I heard Doug recruited Ray as a new guitarist.
Narrator : What does the woman say about the band ?

In your test book, you will read :
(A) Doug became a new member of the band.
(B) Doug was fired from the band.
(C) Ray replaced Doug in the band.
(D) Ray was hired as the band’s new guitarist.
The woman mentions two people (Doug and Ray), and they are used to confuse
you in the options. Doug recruited Ray as a new guitarist means that Ray is the
new member, hired by Doug. Therefore, the best answer is (D) Ray was hired as
the band’s new guitarist.

Listening for Specific Information : WHO, WHAT, and WHERE
Some question in Part A of the Listhening Comprehension section usually ask you
to draw conclusions about who the speakers are, what will probably happen next,
and where the conversation probably takes place. The answers to these question
are not directly started in the conversations. However, there are clues that lead to
the correct answers.

1. Listen for clues in the dialogs to identify who the speakers are. Draw a
conclusion about the occupation of the speakers.
Sample problem
On the recording, you will hear :
Man : What did I miss during my absence ?
Woman : One assignment and a quiz.
Narrator : Who are the speakers ?
In your test book, you will read :
(A) Editors
(B) Librarians
(C) Teachers
(D) Students
The clues my absence, one assignment, and a quiz in the conversation tell you
that the speakers are probably students. Therefore, the correct answer is (D)

2. Listen to the second speaker to draw a conclusion about what he/she probably
intends to do.
Sample problem
On the recording, you will hear :

Man : Excuse me, you`re playing that music much too loud. I can’t
get to sleep ?
Woman : Oh, sorry. I didn’t realize.
Narrator : What will the woman probably do next ?
In your test book, you will read :
(A) Speak softly to the man.
(B) Stop talking too much.
(C) Turn down the volume of her music.
(D) Play dofferent music.
The man says that the woman is playing that music musch to loud. The
woman says that she didn’t realize, so she will probably turn the volume
down. Therefore, the correct answer is (C) Turn down the volume of her


3. Listen for clues in the dialog to identify where the speakers are.
Sample problem
On the recording, you will hear :
Man : Hi, Jack. Is thus seat taken ?
Woman : Oh, hi Danielle. No, sit down. Looks like the whole dorm is
here to have lunch today.
Narrator : Where does this conversation probably take place ?
In your test book, you will read :
(A) In a cinema
(B) In a dormitory cafetaria
(C) In a college hall
(D) In a departement store
The clue Looks like the whole dorm is here to have linch tells you that this
conversation probably takes place at the cafetaria of a dorm. Therefore, the
correct answer is (B) In a dormitory cafetaria.


1.  The defendant refused to answer the prosecutor’x questions
a. Because he was afraid it would incriminate him.
b. For fear that they will incriminate him.
c. Because he was afraid that his answers would incriminate him.
d. Fearing that he will be incriminated by it.
The answer is: A. Because he was afraid it would incriminate him.
2.   Mrs. Walker has returned
a. A wallet back to its original owner.
b. To its original owner the wallet.
c. The wallet to its originally owner.
d. The wallet to its original owner.
The answer is: D. The wallet to its original owner.
3.   The Hospital owes ………………. for the constuction of the new wing.
      a. The government twenty million dollars.
      b. For the government twenty million dollars.
      c. To the government twenty million dollars.
      d. Twenty million of dollars to the government.
      The answer is: C. To the government twenty million dollars.
4.   Sarah …………….. that she could not attend classes next week.
      a. Told to her professors.
      b. Said her professors.
      c. Told her professors.
      d. is telling her professors.
      The answer is: A. Told to her professors.
5.   The artist was asked to show some paintings at the contest because
      a. He painted very good.
      b. They believed he painted well.
      c. Of their belief that he was an good artist.
      d. The judges had been told of his talents.
      The answer is: B. They believed he painted well.
6.   If motorists do not observe the traffic regulations, they will be stopped, ticketed, and
                                       A         B                                  C
have to pay a fine.
The answer is: D
The sentence should be: paid.
7.   Fred, who usually conducts the choir rehearsals, did not show up last night because
                                                                A                                   B
      he had an accident on his way to the practice.
            C                                             D
      The answer is: C
      The sentence should be:  has
8.   A short time before her operation last month, Mrs. Carlyle dreams of her daughter
              A                                             B                                        C
      who lives overseas.
The answer is: A
      The sentence should be: The time
9.   The atmosphere in Andalucia is open, warm, and gives a welcome feeling to all who
                                         A                                                      B                                   C
have the good fortune to visit there.
The answer is:  C
      The sentence should be:  that
10. Some of the people were standing in the street watched the parade, while others were
                   A                             B                                 C                                     D
singing songs.
The answer is: A
      The sentence should be: Some people were standing in the street watched the parade, while others were singing songs.

Sometimes someone to tell us deposit our friend seroang greetings from faraway by telling us: “So and so say hi for yourselves” or “you yourselves can hail from So and so” and a similar one. How do we answer this?]

Ways People Respond To Deliver Greetings and Sending Greetings

By: Haifa ‘Abd ar-Rosyid Bintu

Ibn Hajar said in Fathul Bari (11/41): “and preferred to reply (greetings) to those who submit.”

Ibn Qoyyim said in Zaadul Ma’ad (2/427): “and includes instructions shollallohu alaihi wa sallam, if someone told him greetings from others, he replied to him and to those who submit.”

And is thus based on the hadeeth narrated by Abu Dawood (5231), Ahmad (23 104) and Nasa’i in As-Sunan Al-Kubro (10133) “Chapter: what was said when he was told the truth, So and so say hello to you”.

And from the hadith someone from Bani Numair (and in Fathul Bari (11/41): from Bani Tamim) from his father from his grandfather that he came to the Prophet shollallohu alaihi wa sallam then said:

إن أبي يقرأ عليك السلام, قال: عليك وعلى أبيك السلام

“Verily, my father greetings to you”, the Prophet replied: “‘Alaika wa’ ala abika as-salaam”. And in the sanad of this hadith there jahaalah (rowi is not known), but Al-Albani menghasankannya.

And who thus has no deeds 2 wives of the Prophet shollallohu alaihi wa sallam, Khodijah and rodhiyallahu anhuma Aisha and the Prophet mentaqrir (approve) the two of them:

1. Khodijah rodhiyallahu anha: from Anas rodhiyallahu anhu he said:

جاء جبريل إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم وعنده خديجة وقال: إن الله يقرئ خديجة السلام, فقالت: إن الله هو السلام وعلى جبريل السلام وعليك السلام ورحمة الله

“Gabriel came to the Prophet shollallohu alaihi wa sallam and there Khodijah on the Prophet, He said:” Allah send greetings to Khodijah “Khodijah said:” Verily, Allah was the one As-Salam, and the as-salam wa rohmatullah Gabriel and thee “[ HR. al-Hakim (4/175, An-Nasa’i in al-Kubro (10134), al-Bazzar (1903), dam Thobroni in al-Kabir (23/15 no. 25 and 26)]

Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar said in Fathul Bari (7/172): “and from this hadith there faidah returned the greeting to the person who sent greetings and to the people who submit”.

2. From Aisha rodhiyallohu anha, that the Prophet shollallohu alaihi wa sallam said to him:

يا عائشة, هذا جبريل يقرأ عليك السلام, فقالت: وعليه السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته, ترى مالا أرى – تريد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم –

“O Aisha, is Gabriel greeting you” Aisha replied: “wa ‘alaihis salaam wa wa rohmatulloh barokaatuh, you (the Prophet) did not see what I see.” [HR. al-Bukhaari (3217) and Muslim (2447)]

However, there are additional Musnad al-Imam Ahmad (6/117) of Aisha rodhiyallohu anha, he said: I said:

عليك وعليه السلام ورحمة الله وبركاته

“‘Alaika wa’ alaihis salaam wa wa rohmatulloh barokaatuh”.

Al-‘Allamah al-Albani said in a footnote Shohih Adabil Mufrod (p. 308-309): “sanadnya shohih”. And this is an important addition in this hadith. Wallohu knows best wa billahit Taufiq.

[diterjemahkan Abu SHilah dari al-Washiyyah bi Ba’dhi as-Sunan Syibhil Mansiyyah oleh Haifa bintu Abdillah ar-Rosyid, dari

How many lips Preachers who do not need to say a word but with the condition and keistiqamahannya can make people get guidance.

Here’s where a pagan attitude to get guidance and converted to Islam just because a character is blind Preachers.

Is a German man who then announced his Islam tells, beginning the first he knew of Islam back to the days of his youth when he made a tour to Albania in the school holidays.

While it is running on one of the narrow road there, he collided with a man. When realized and apologized, then he knew that the man was a blind ditabraknya. The blind man does not understand the meaning of the ma’afnya request because he did not understand the language of communication. Even though so, this blind man determined to hold the hands of men who had hit him and walk him to his home. There, he put food potluck to friends who had met in the middle of the road.

Semuslim brothers from Germany tells us, “Then I saw a blind man who was doing some motion picture lingered in my head, I know that ultimately it is the prayer of the Muslims. The attitude of the man is able to master my mind for some time. He did not insist to ask me to accompany him to his house, but then he honored me without anything in return and without the need to first recognize when he does not understand my language. What he did just in front of me.? What is the meaning of the movements.? When I saw a shadow of the man doing the movement, it pushed me to recognize them and the principles of their religion. It’s a long journey to finally make me convert to Islam. The incident is the first thread in that direction. ”

Dr Shaikh’s comments. ‘Umar Sulaiman al-Asyqar:

Lesson and sermon that can be drawn from this story for a Muslim, especially for a Preachers is that the speech of haq (truth) can sometimes bear fruit in the hearts of listeners walalu even after a long process and keistiqamahan over al-Haq and its practice sometimes also affect others and can lead them to the guidance of Allah. With attitudes like this, Islam will spread in the liver and around the world thanks to the God nur Leave therein.

(SUMBER: Qashash Wa Mawaaqif Dzaat ‘Ibar, disusun ‘Adil bin Muhammad Al ‘Abdul ‘Ali, hal.57-58 sebagai yang dinukilnya dari buku Mawaaqif Dzaat ‘Ibar karya Dr. ‘Umar Sulaiman al-Asyqar, hal.86, penerbit Daar an-Nafaa’is)

One day, calling Qarun gave a prostitute and segepuk money as a bribe to get her to say in public the Children of Israel that Moses had menzinahinya.

Then Qarun merangcang to hold a meeting and asked that Moses delivered it to the public discourse on the Children of Israel. Without the slightest suspicion, Moses meet that demand while people were coming from all directions so terkumpullah so many people. Moses then lecture them. In the middle of the lecture he suddenly stood up him and said, “O Moses, do you think, what would you do to people who steal.?” Moses replied, “We’re going to cut his hand.” Qarun added again, “If people adultery.? “Moses replied,” If he was married, his sentence was stoned (stoned to death) and if she is not married, then the punishment whipped. “Qarun to frame Musa replied,” Even though you own the culprit.? ” Moses replied, “I seek refuge in Allah from doing that. Hadd law to apply to all people, even if I’m alone. “So when they said Qarun to women who have the disogoknya,” Stand up. “But surprisingly, the woman is not able to stand up at all. He was shaking and shivering all over her body. All his energies to sag at all, her skin wrinkled, his heart was filled with shame and self-hollow and weak.

In such an atmosphere, be upfront about the woman, “O Moses, indeed Qarun had to bribe me with money so much so that I’m accusing you commit adultery with myself.” So filled with emotion Moses and said, “I ask you in the name of the One Who has lowered the Torah, if what is said right Qarun.? “she replied,” I bear witness that you are free of charges (innocent) and I testify that you are the Messenger of Allah. ”

Upon hearing it, Moses immediately jump to kowtow to his Lord while praying before the destruction of the people who have menzhaliminya.

So God had revealed to him that he raised his head because the earth has been subject to him. And Moses said to the earth, “they swallow.!” Then the earth swallowed them limited their legs, then swallow it again to the extent their knees. So to actually swallow the entire earth their bodies, not a single person remained.

In this case, as-Sadusy Qatadah said, “Allah threw them every day about the size of their bodies until the Day of Resurrection.”

And narrated from Ibn ‘Abbas that they have been knocked down into the seven layers of the earth.

There is also a hadith which states that when God threw Qarun and those who were with him, they began to ask Moses or calling to her, “We repent, we repent, will not be repeated again.” When they are in that condition, Moses just looking at them , then Allah revealed to Moses, “The say to my servant, ‘O Moses, do not love them.” However, when he asked me, would they find me close to them and Maha grant. Allaah knows the truth of this story. (Taariikh al-Umam Wa al-Muluuk, works of Imam ath-Thabary; Bidaayah Wa al-an-Nihaayah, Ibn Kathir)

Qarun was gone (dead) to reap the reward for kezhaliman and jealous nature. God threw him to the ground and make it as a lesson to all men of all time. While Moses went to take glory in the world and the Hereafter and live happily and dies commendable.

Are the builders ‘accused’ honor holy people who want to reflect on the consequences for doing injustice experienced? Will they withdraw their oral, organize movements of his limbs, was always diawai Allah and know that they will definitely be tried due to their actions defile the honor?

Arabic proverb says, “As you despise, then so shall ye be insulted.” Life is borrowing and debt.

O Allah, we seek refuge in You from the deeds wrongdoers and those who do injustice, from fasiq deeds and those who do fasiq and from the caller to the ugliness and the people who pretend religious.

(SOURCE: Nihaayah az-Zhaalimiin works Ibrahim ibn ‘Abdullah al-Haazimy, juz.III, h.65-67, no.57)

Shaikh Abdul Malik bin Ahmad Ramadhani

Lots of Syubuhat thrown into salafiyyun ahlus Sunna, that salafiyyun allegedly loyal to the kuffar just as hard in the expert refuted heretical groups such as the Shiite heresy, khowarij, Murji’ah and other hizbiyyah. They stated that a tough stance against heresy expert is an attitude of loyalty to the infidels. Is it true that this accusation? Let’s look at reviews Fadhilatusy Shaykh ‘Abdul Malik Ramadhani hafizhahullahu. He hafizhahullahu said:

In principle, “Al-Amr bil ruf wan Nahyu anil Munkar” (command to good and forbidding from munkar) is done with gentle and loving, as Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala:

ادع إلى سبيل ربك بالحكمة والموعظة الحسنة وجادلهم بالتي هي أحسن

“Call upon (people) to the way your Lord with wisdom and good lessons and bantahlah them with a better way ….” [An-Nahl: 125]

Similarly, word to the Prophet Moses and the Prophet Aaron ‘Alaihimas Salam:

اذهبا إلى فرعون إنه طغى. فقولا له قولا لينا لعله يتذكر أو يخشى

“Go you both to Pharaoh, surely he has exceeded the limit. Then the two of you talk to him with words of gentleness, hopefully he remembers or fear “[Taha: 43-44]

Of Aisha radi ‘anha, the Prophet sallallaahu’ alaihi wa sallam said:

ما كان الرفق في شيء إلا زانه, ولا نزع الرفق من شيء إلا شانه

“Indeed, there is not a tenderness in something unless he certainly did not decorate and softness that will be revoked unless it worse” [Reported by Muslim Hadith No.. 2594]

However, if it has not changed except misguidance by using a kind of roughness / hardness, it does not matter if used, even against fellow Muslims. You not see that Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala has allowed the war to enforce it? And no violence beyond war, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala says:

وإن طائفتان من المؤمنين اقتتلوا فأصلحوا بينهما فإن بغت إحداهما على الأخرى فقاتلوا التي تبغي حتى تفيء إلى أمر الله

“And if two parties of believers fight, then make peace between them. If one of the two parties is doing injustice to another class, then fight the group so that persecuting bebruat the group returned to the command of God “[Al-Hujarat: 9]

Sometimes, very hard to be a believer in denying melibihi his tough stance against the enemy / opponent. Thou not see the Prophet Moses against Pharaoh tenderness, while he was tough on his brother, Aaron? That is why, Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala tells the word:

وأخذ برأس أخيه يجره إليه

“And he (Moses) holds (hair) head brother (Aaron) while pulling it towards him” [Al-A’raf: 150]

(From the actions taken by Moses to his brother Aaron,-pent) can one protest against Moses, using the excuse of “al-wala” (loyalty) and “al-bara ‘(attitude distanced themselves), by accusing him oral spread and his hand against his own brother and humble towards the Evil?!

In fact, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam sometimes even denounced the scholars from among his companions with disapproval harder than reproach him against other best friend (who is not cleric,-pent) when they make mistakes. For example, the speech he told Mu’adh bin Jabal radi ‘anhu when Mu’adh lengthen the prayer when a priest, led the congregational prayers of his people, he said:

أفتان أنت يا معاذ?!

“Do you want to cause a scandal, O Mu’adh?” [Sahih Hadith narrated by al-Bukhari no. 6126 and Muslim no. 465]

Instead, his gentle attitude towards a Bedouin (from the desert) who urinated in the mosque (he) as set forth in Saheeh Al-Bukhari and other hadith books. [1]

Similarly to the word of his Usamah bin Zaid radi ‘anhu when he killed a polytheist in the battle after the man saying “phrase of unity” (La ilaha illa Allah):

يا أسامة! أقتلته بعدما قال: لا إله إلا الله?! «قال أسامة:” فما زال يكررها حتى تمنيت أني لم أكن أسلمت قبل ذلك اليوم

“O Usama! Did you kill him after he uttered ‘La ilaha illa Allah?! Usamah said: ‘He kept repeating the words, so I daydream (if) I had not embraced Islam before that day “{History of Al-Bukhari no. 4269 and Muslim no. 96]

And indeed Osama has taken an important lesson from the tough stance the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam against him, he was making as a counsel during a libel action after the killing of Al-Rashid Caliph, Uthman ibn Affan radi’ anhu, Crackdown Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam The above her attitude has left him ‘tawarru’ (be careful) of blood-the blood of the Muslims.

Imam Adh-Dhahabi rahimahullah said:

انتفع أسامة من يوم النبي, إذ يقول له: كيف بلا إله إلا الله يا أسامة?! فكف يده, ولزم بيته, فأحسن

“Osama has taken an important lesson from the day when the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said to him;’ How about La ilaha illa Allah ‘O Usama?!’ So he fulfill his house hold his hand, so he’s been doing good” [Look at Siyar A ‘laamin Nubalaa II/500-501]

I (the author) say: “Allohu Akbar! Great God, how great the education Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and how vile hizbiyyah style education [2], which since it forbids the principle of’ refutation of those who menyelisihi truth ‘while their followers do not keep them from spilling the blood of the Muslims, their blood shed blood needlessly in the name of jihad, almost nothing happens except a slander them as fuel or penyulutnya ”

All that as a result of the attitude of ‘mudahanah’ (small talk in the matter of religion) in between them because they thought that by doing so, they make use of the infidels. Therefore, Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said:

المؤمن للمؤمن كاليدين تغسل إحداهما الأخرى, وقد لا ينقلع الوسخ إلا بنوع من الخشونة, لكن ذلك يوجب من النظافة والنعومة ما نحمد معه ذلك التخشين

“A believer to another believer is like the second hand, which one washes the other, sometimes dirt (which there is) not easily be separated except by using a kind of (rubbing) hardware that required a clean and smooth, so we commend the violence” [3]

If so, then the softness that is applied by a number of Muslim pilgrims against individuals or groups of classes of ignorant people who act arbitrarily without thinking about the consequences that led to (the authorities) asked for help from the enemies (of Islam) to destroy the Muslims, (The meek attitude towards them) are not part of al-wala (loyalty) at all. Because of that attitude, making them deeper and deeper into error because they never felt the enormity of their crime. Not only that, the essence of violence is sometimes taken against the Muslims (who menyelisihi truth), driven by a feeling of “ghairah” (jealousy) on them because they are littered see some dirty deeds and also driven by an effort to strengthen the line and close / stem gap / hole that line, so as not to be entered (by the enemy,-pent). Then you should know the background of the use of force!!!

Therefore, Al-Alamah Abdul Aziz bin Baz rahimahullah says under a headline his “arguments Mistakes Most Writers Who Uncover”:

ولا شك أن الشريعة الإسلامية الكاملة جاءت بالتحذير من الغلو في الدين, وأمرت بالدعوة إلى سبيل الحق بالحكمة والموعظة الحسنة والجدال بالتي هي أحسن, ولكنها لم تهمل جانب الغلظة والشدة في محلها حيث لا ينفع اللين والجدال بالتي هي أحسن

There is no doubt that Islamic law is perfect has come up with a warning to beware of the attitude ghuluw (exaggerated) in religion and ordered that preach to the truth with wisdom and good lessons as well argue with a better way. However, Islamic law does not rule out violent attitude and rudeness if indeed the way it is put in place, which is useful when no longer uses gentleness and dialogue (or arguing) with yanbg better way.

As Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala:

يأيها النبي جاهد الكفار والمنافقين واغلظ عليهم

“O Prophet, strive against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be hard at against them ….” [At-Tawbah: 73]

يأيها الذين ءامنوا قاتلوا الذين يلونكم من الكفار وليجدوا فيكم غلظة واعلموا أن الله مع المتقين

“O ye who believe, fight the unbelievers who’s around you, and let them see violence than you, and know that Allah along with those who fear Allah” [At-Tawbah: 123]

Also the word:

ولا تجادلوا أهل الكتاب إلا بالتي هي أحسن إلا الذين ظلموا منهم

“And do not argue with the People of the Book, but the best way, except with the wrongdoers among them …” [Al-Ankabut: 46]

أما إذا لم ينفع واستمر صاحب الظلم أو الكفر أو الفسق في عمله ولم يبال بالواعظ والناصح, فإن الواجب الأخذ على يديه ومعاملته بالشدة وإجراء ما يستحقه من إقامة حد أو تعزير أو تهديد أو توبيخ حتى يقف عند حده وينزجر عن باطله

As if people who do kezhaliman, infidelity or wickedness always do and warnings as well as useful advice not to him and not noticed, it is an obligation for menghukuminya and mensikapinya loudly and enact laws that are entitled to them, such as the implementation of hadd [4], taunts, threats or strict warning that he stopped at the limit and stop of deeds bathilnya. [5]

In fact, the reality that emerges from the attitude niceties ala parties and hizib-hizib Islam against heresy perpetrators and their silence towards mistakes and their mistakes, that is because they have limited road leads to glory for Muslims only through the box general-election ballot box, then they also rage against criticism, for fear of damage (reduce) the amount of noise (their supporters,-pent). Such a bad deed will be followed by other bad deeds.

So this review and hence Allaah has ordained for us will be the mukhalif (the people who menyelisihi truth), then we were on the path “tashfiyah” (purification of Islam from the things which are not Islamic), because God Subhanahu wa Ta’ala has required us to deny it, as I have explained on this principle.

And because Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala has recorded the glory of the clergy and the people who teach them science as we have explained on two pillars before the fifth pillar, then we also tarbiyah path (coaching generations of Muslims in the Islamic has been purified,-pent) and an explanation of these two tasfiyah and tarbiyah will come after this principle.

[Disalin dari kitab Sittu Durar min Ushuuli Ahlil Atsar, terj 6 Pilar Utama Dakwah Salafiyah, karya Syaikh Abdul Malik bin Ahmad Ramadhani, Penerjemahguru kami, al-Ustadz Mubarak Bamuallim LC, Penerbit Pustaka Imam Asy-Syafi’i]

By Ustadz Fariq bin Gasim Anuz

No ivory that is not cracked, no human being is perfect, there is always a weakness and shortcomings. Every man must have faults and the best of them is that repent to God, realizing his mistake, and regret and resolve not to repeat it again.

Therefore advised counsel to the truth should be encouraged, for which he should be advised to thank those who have shown shortcomings and mistakes, it’s just that it is rare, men generally do not like to blame especially if the warning was conveyed to him in a way that is not good .

So an advice giver must know a good method in order to be accepted by the advice of others. Among the methods of good advice is to give advice to others in secret without being noticed by others. On this occasion we will nukilkan explanations of the scholars of adab this one.

Counsel advised the scholars about the secret

Imam Ibn Hibban (d. 534 H) said that it means, “The advice was the duty of the whole people, as we have mentioned this before, but the delivery technique to be a confidential manner, may not be so, because anyone who advises his brother in front of other people then means he has denounced him, and whoever advised him confidentially that he had to fix it. Indeed convey attentively to his fellow Muslims is constructive criticism, are more likely to be accepted than delivered with the intention of reproach. ”

Then Imam Ibn Hibban mentioned by sanadnya up to Sufyan, he said that it means, “I said to Mis’ar, ‘Do you like when other people tell you about the shortcomings-shortcomings?’ And he said, ‘Where are the people who come notify shortcomings menjelek way-things about me that I was not happy, but if that comes to me is a giver of advice then I am happy ‘. ”

Then Imam Ibn Hibban said that Muhammad bin Said al Qazzaz has informed us, Muhammad ibn Mansur had told us, ‘Ali Ibn Madeeni have told me, from Sufyan he said that it means, “Talhah came to Abdul Jabbar bin Wail, and in situ There are a lot of people, so he talked to Abdul Jabbar convey something in secret, and then after that he went. Then Abdul Jabbar bin Wail said, ‘Do you know what he said to me just now?’ He said, ‘I saw you when you caught a glimpse of spring prayers yesterday in another direction’. ”

Imam Ibn Hibban says which means, “The advice if implemented as what we have mentioned will sustain affection, and lead the realization of brotherhood.”

Imam Ibn Hazm (d. 456H) said, which means, “It is obligatory on a person to always give advice, whether that advice was given love or hate, offended or not offended. When you give advice then leave in secret, not in front of other people, and simply by gesturing with no direct frankly, unless the person is advised not understand isyaratmu frankly it should be. Thou shalt not advising others on condition that your advice must be accepted. When you go beyond adab-adab was then you are not tyrannical advice giver, and crazy mad obedience and power not conferred the mandate and implementing the right ukuwah. This (-ie, to provide advice on the condition to be accepted-) not including reasonable legal and law but the law of the jungle friendship, like a ruler with his subjects and master with his harem. ”

Imam Ibn Rajab (d. 795H) said that it means, “Al Fudhail (d. 187H) said, ‘A believer cover (a disgrace brother) and advised him while a fajir (evildoers) leaked (disgrace his brother) and worse-burukkannya’. ”

What was mentioned by al Fudhail this is characteristic between counsel and malign, that advice was confidential manner while vilify it marked with broadcasting. As it is said, ‘He reminds his brother in the midst of the crowd he had menjelek-jelekkannya.

And people hate Salaf enjoining blatantly unjust, they like it when done in secret between the advise with advised, this is a characteristic of a pure advisory and Ikhlash, because the adviser does not have a purpose to disseminate abominations dinasehatinya person, he just has the purpose of eliminating mistakes he did.

While disseminating and appeared abominations others then it is forbidden by Allah and His Messenger. Allah Ta’ala says, which means:
“Those who love (to see) the heinous act was spread among the people who believe, for them a painful torment in this world and the hereafter. And Alleh know while you do not know “(An Nur: 19).

And the hadiths that explain about the disgrace of a Muslim virtues are innumerable.

Imam Shafi’i (d. 204H) said in his verse which means:

You shall purposely came to give advice when I’m alone
Avoid giving advice to me in the middle of the crowd
Because actually in front of lots of people advise tantamount to slander, I do not like to hear it

If you violate me and do not follow what I said then you must not be surprised if your advice is not adhered to. Shaykh Muhammad bin Salih al Uthaymeen said that it means, “Please note that the advice it was done in secret talks with him among you, because if you advise him in secret with four eyes it really made an impression on him, and he knew that thou advice giver, but if you talk about him in front of the crowd then likely got his arrogance which caused him to sin by not taking advice, and may also he thought that you just want revenge and mendeskreditkannya and to impose its position in the human eye, so he did not accept the content of the advice, but if it is done in secret between you and him both then your advice was very meaningful to him, and he will take it from you. ”

When allowed to give advice before others?

However there are some exceptions that allow or require a person to advise other people in front of many people.

One of the Imam Mosque in the city of Khobar Saudi Arabia in one sermon Jum’ahnya said, “Muslims, they have honor and dignity, therefore we must safeguard the rights and honor them, we must nurture their feelings, but sometimes things will advice you to convey to others if you delay, it will be too late, then you should also advise him now before its too late. For example, as found in Sahih Muslim. From Jabir that he said, ‘Sulaik al Ghathafani come (to the mosque) and Gomaa day Prophet sallallaahu’ alaihi wasallam was sitting in the pulpit, then Sulaik immediately sit without first praying, then the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam asked him,’ Is engaku have to pray two rak? ‘He said,’ Not ‘So he sallallaahu’ alaihi wasallam ordered him, ‘Get up and shalatlah two cycles’.’ ”

This is not being broadcast vilify or errors of the person, because it is the right time to advise him, if allowed it will be missed, because the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam ordered every Muslim who entered into the mosque in order to pray two rak’ahs before he sitting, the order requires to be implemented padaa that time can not be delayed until the completion Jum’ah prayers.

However, if it is possible for you to put off until the completion of the assembly and then advise you menasiehati sesreorang before anyone else in the house then this is not true.


As a closing remark, let us refer Shaykh Muhammad ibn Salih al Uthaymeen in one of his speeches, which means, “It is unfortunate that once when I hear about people who include have sincerity in seeking and accepting the truth, but they were broken to pieces, one each in between them have names and specific properties. This phenomenon is actually not true, and in fact one and the Deen of Allah that Muslims are one Ummah, Allah says which means:
The real (monotheistic religions) are all of your religion, religion is one and I was Rab you so fear Me (Al Mu Minun: 52)

And Allah Ta’ala said to His Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam which means:
“Verily, those who divide their religion and their (split) into multiple categories, not an iota of your responsibility towards them. Surely none of their business is (up) to God, then God will tell them what they had done “(Al-An` am: 159)

And Allah Ta’ala says, which means,
“She has entailed for you about Deen has diwasiatkan to Noah and that which We have revealed to you and what have we wasiatkan to Abraham, Moses and Jesus, that you do not tegakkanlah dien and broken to pieces about it” (Ash Syra: 13).

If this is God’s guidance to us then we should practice this guidance, we come together to hold a discussion, talk to each other in order ishlah (repair) is not to discredit or take revenge, for surely anyone who denies others or arguments with intent his opinion or the opinion of others to humiliate and intends to denounce not to ishlah then the result is not in ridhai by Allah and His Messenger, in general case.

Our obligation is to be the people that one, I did not say that every human being has no errors, even humans that have errors in addition to having the truth. It’s just that we now talk about how to fix the error, it is not the right way to fix the error when I mention the people behind while menjelek-jelekkannya, but the correct way to fix it is get together with him and mendiskusikannnya, if it is proven that the person afterwards retaining the iniquities then at that time I had a reason even obligatory upon me to explain the mistake, and warn people of the fault of the person, as such affairs be good.

While bergolong-class divisions and the fact that such was not liked by anyone, except by the enemies of Islam and enemies of the Muslims. ”

di ambil dari : Tulisan Ustadz Fariq bin Gasim Anuz pada Majalah As Sunnah Edisi 07/Th.IV/1421-2000 (Salafyoon Online)

Written by abusalma on January 12th, 2007


Abu Abdirrahman bin Thayib, Lc.

Often we hear the words of some people if he saw someone denied / expose the fallacy kelompok-kelompok/dai-dai menyelisihi the Qur’an and Sunnah and the manhaj Salaf (expert Sunnah wal Jama’ah), he said (whether dimimbar-pulpit jum ‘at or dimajlis-majlisnya): “Keep lisanmu, thou shalt not mengghibah (ngrasani) own fellow Muslim brother, not Allah says:’ Let not one of you menghibah (wag) others sukakah one among ye eat the flesh of a dead brother? ‘”. (Surat al-Hujurat: 12).

Is it true what they say this??? Let’s look together most of the utterances of gold (explanation) ahlus Sunnah scholars on this issue. Enjoy-may Allah show the right is right and give us the strength to follow it and may God reveal the vanity of vanity and give us the strength to stay away-:

1. Imam Nawawi v (one of the schools of Shafi’i scholar who died in 676 H) said in his book “Righteous Riyadhus” chapter “backbiting is permissible explanation”:

“Know that backbiting is allowed for the right purpose and prescribed, that goal might not be achieved except with the backbiting. It is present in six cases:

a. Asking tyranny of others. Permissible for people to apply for the mendzaliminya didzalimi to the ruler or judge, and in addition both of the people who have the power or ability to prosecute sidzalim it. People who didzalimi it should say so and so it has the mendzalimi / persecute me.

b. Ask for help to revamp and restore kemungkaran people who have sinned against the truth. Someone should tell who has the power that he hopes can change kemungkaran: the sender with this crime and that, then advise him / her and forbid evil. Ghibah intent here is to change kemungkaran / evil, if not this then mean like backbiting is haram.

c. Asked for a fatwa. The man told the fatwa giver: my father or my brother or my husband has mendzalimi myself, whether it is OK? What is the way out? etc.. This may be due to backbiting as a need / purpose (which Sharai-pent). But it is more important not mentioned (personnya / her name) such as: How did the Shaykh about a husband or father who so and so? It also can be done and can achieve the desired goal though without naming / personnya. But mention the name / personnya in this case is permissible, as will be mentioned in hasits Hind-God willing-

d. Muslims warn of the dangers of straying (person / group-pent) and at the same time in order to encourage one another. That is include a few things:

– Denouncing the narrators-narrators (hadith) or witnesses who are not eligible. It is permissible by ijma ‘of the Muslims could even be it obligatory.

– Ask for the opinion / consensus of others in terms of marrying someone or hang out with him or leave him or her in terms bermuamalah etc.. Then it must be consulted for those who do not hide anything about the state of the person he’s even had to mention all the ugliness with the intention of advising each other.

– If a person sees frequent visits to the prosecution of science experts heresy (heretics dai-pent) or wicked to take knowledge from him and he is concerned the prosecution of science that will be exposed to poison the people astray then it is obligatory for him to advise the prosecutor to explain the nature of science ( apostasy) the teacher / preacher deceiver said on condition aim to advise. In this case there are some people that one practice, the aim is not to advise him but because of envy / jealousy with those who ditahdzir (dighibahi it), which has been decorated by the devil as if he was advised but essentially he is malicious and spiteful.

– A person who has the responsibility / duty but he did not run well or he was wicked and negligent etc.. So should those who know the state of the person to mention to his boss that fired him and replaced it with a better or circumstances known to only last course of action taken by him or his superiors do not be fooled that the officer advised him to goodness

e. Mention the person who showed a disgrace and heretical wickedness like people who drank khomer proud, persecuting other people, seizing property and do the things that vanity. Allowed for those who know the state of the above-disgrace to mention her shame (that someone else take care of him-pent)

f. Introduce others to mention the title (laqob) it is already known as Al-A’masy (defective eyes), Al-A’raj (which is lame), Al-Ashom (who is deaf) and much more. Be introduced by the nicknames above but not to deprecate / taunting and if introduced without mentioning these nicknames are better.

This is the sixth case mentioned by the scholars (in-pent allow backbiting) mostly agreed upon and the arguments of the sixth case in the hadiths shohih already famous / well-known, such as:

 From Aisha x he said:

“That there is a request for permission to (meet) the Prophet r, then he said: Allow him, he is as bad-ugly relatives”. (Narrated by Bukhari 6054 and Muslim 2591).

Imam Bukhari’s hadith in evidence the permit backbiting against the marauders (deceivers)

 And he also x that Rasulullah r once said:

“I think so and so and so and so did not know anything of our religion” (Narrated by Bukhari 6067). Layth ibn Sa’d (one of the narrators of this hadith) said: two people including hypocrites.

 From Fatimah bint Qois x he said:

“I never went to the Prophet r then I said: Verily Abu Jahm and Mu’awiya had proposed? Then the Prophet r said: “As he was poor Mu’awiya had no possessions and as for Abu Jahm he never put a stick from his shoulder.” (Narrated by Muslim 1480).

In the history of Muslim else mentioned: “As for Abu Jahm he often hit women” this is the explanation for his remarks (he had never put a stick on his shoulder). There also is clear that the intention is often to travel far / safar.

 From Aisha x he said:

Hind (the wife of Abu Sufyan) said to the Prophet r: Verily Abu Sufyan a curmudgeonly man he did not give me and my children living a pretty but if I took the money without his knowledge? Then he said: “Take what mencukupimu and your children in a good manner” (Narrated by Bukhari 5359 and Muslim 1714)

2. Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Uthaymeen Sholeh-may Allaah have mercy-said in Sharh Riyadhus Righteous 4/99-101 when greeting Imam Nawawi explained above:

“Imam Nawawi mentions in this chapter v. the things in it are allowed ghibah there are six cases. His speech was very good at all, everything is true and good “then he describes the first hadith that was delivered by Imam Nawawi v: Word of the Prophet r: (please allow him, he was as bad-ugly relatives) the person does destroyers and deceivers. So this explains the heretic bolehnya mengghibah human beings in order to run away from their error and that they are not fooled. If you know of someone who is misguided (and misleading) but he has a distinctive style of language and rhetoric to convey (lectures) as well as human interest until they had no idea it plunged into the web of delusion then it is obligatory for you to explain the nature of the perverse and mentioned kejelekannya (only) so that people are not fooled him. How many of the dai-dai/penceramah-penceramah very beautiful and eloquent language, when you see it you will be fascinated and when he speaks you will listen carefully but he was essentially (deceiving people). Is then required to disclose the nature and unmasked. ”

3. Imam Abu Abdillah Muhammad bin Abdillah is known as Ibn Abi Zamanain v (d. 399 H) said:

“Always denounce the Ahl-ul-Sunnah ahlus ahwa / bid ‘ah misleading (people), they prohibit bermajlis with expert heresy, slander worrying them and explain their replies. Ahlussunnah not think of it as a backbiting. “(Ushulus Sunnah by Ibn Abi Zamanain thing. 293)

Indeed ahlus Sunnah have agreed on the past and present in dealing with expert heresy (the heretic people pent). That is to denounce and warn people of the dangers they and boycotted and banned bermajlis with them in order to stem the dangers and slander experts such heresy.

Ahlu Sunnah assume that they are not revealing the guise of illicit backbiting. The scholars have excluded 6 cases of backbiting is forbidden, as is said in this verse:

Denounced not backbiting in 6 cases including

People who terdholimi, which introduced, which warns

People who commit blatant wickedness, people who ask for fatwa

And the people who ask for help to eradicate kemungkaran (Sixth is the same thing with what was described by Imam Nawawi above. “Ijma ulama ‘ala Hajr wat tahdzir min ahlil ahwa'” by Kholid bin Dhohawi thing. 121)

4. Imam Ahmad v (Ahlu Sunnah Imam) said:

“There is no backbiting to (argue) expert heresy” (Al-Hanabilah Thobaqoh 2/274)

5. Imam Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali v says in the book of “Sharh ‘Ilal At-Tirmidhi” 1/43-44:

(Imam Abu Isa (At-Tirmidhi) v said: “Some people who do not understand the (religious) denounced the experts in what they say about the hadith-narrators of hadith narrators.

Indeed we have found that many of the Imams of the tabi’in discuss (gossip / denounce) the perowi among them is Hasan Al-Basri & Thowus Ma’bad they both denounce al-Juhani, Sa’id bin Habib bin Jubeir talking Tholq, Ibrahim an-Nakho’i and Amir al-sya’bi talking about a l-Harith al-`war. Similarly narrated from Ayyub as-Sakhtiyani, Abdullah bin ‘Aun, Sulaiman at-Taimi, Syu’bah bin Hajjaj, ats-Sufyan Thawri, Malik ibn Anas, al-‘ Auza’i, Abdullah bin Mubarak, Yahya ibn Sa ‘ id al-Qoththon, Waki ​​’ibn Jarrah, Abdurrohman bin Mahdi and besides those of the scientist, they’ve all been talking about the narrators and transmitters mendhoifkannya.

It is not that encourage them in this case (discuss / menghibah the transmitters) but to advise the Muslims, they just might not want to denounce and menghibah course, but they want to explain the weakness of the narrators in order to know the Muslims, because most of the weak narrators is an expert heresy, some defendants falsified hadith and others run many mistakes. Then the priests wished to clarify the nature of them (the narrators) with the truth, in order to preserve the religion and explain the true nature. Because the testimony of the religion (of hadith-pent) more mainstream for examination of the testimony on the issue of personal and property rights “. Ibn Rajab said: “Here Imam Tirmidhi want to explain that talking / mengunjing the perowi (Jarh wa ta’dil) was allowed. This has been agreed upon by the Salaf / predecessor of this people and their priests. Thus it is to tell which perowi / hadith is acceptable and what is not. Some people who do not have science thinks it is backbiting (which is forbidden), but it is not so, because if there is someone talking about disgrace maslahatnya personal-allowed-though (in religion) without any further dispute as denouncing the false witnesses, so that the general maslahatnya This is more permissible for Muslims anymore ”

6. V Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said in “Majmu ‘Fataawa” 28/225-232:

Calling people with anything they hate are of two kinds:

1. Call types (classes), every group who criticized Allah and His Messenger, then it is obligatory to denounce them, it is not among the backbiting.

2. Call individual either living or deceased. Should mention the ugliness of people in some circumstances, such as: in order to advise the Muslims about their religion and the world. Advising people in particular benefit and common religion is an obligation. Such as the hadith explains perowi wrong or lying as said by Yahya bin Said and Al-Auza’I about someone who accused (forge) and he did not know the hadith, then they say: “explain the nature and identity”. Someone once said to Imam Ahmad v: “I feel the weight if saying so and so is so and so (from their error-pent). So Imam Ahmad said: “If you live and I will also be silent then when the stupid / layman know what is right and what is wrong!!!

Such heretical priests experts who have opinions that menyelisihi the Qur’an and Sunnah or worship but menyelisihi the Qur’an and the Sunnah then they must (according to the consensus of the Muslims) described apostasy and warned people of the dangers . To the extent that Imam Ahmad never asked of v: “There is someone who is fasting, prayer, seclude themselves and there are others who argue expert heresy, which one you like more? He said, if the person is praying, then it i’tikaf benefits for himself but when he denied the benefits of heresy expert for the Muslims and this is more afdhol / more mainstream.

He explained that the wider benefits to the Muslims in their religion, which it includes jihad fi sabilillah. Clear way of God, religion, and Shari’a his manhaj of apostasy and hostility they (experts heresy) is an obligation under the agreement of the Muslims kifayah

If no-one is rejected / denied hazards (heresy) then it will be corrupted their religion. And damage its grown (heresy) is more powerful than the rule. Because they (the invaders) if the damage is not the first time the liver damage but they (experts heresy) was first performed is damaging the liver

7. Imam Hasan v Al-Basri said:

“There is no backbiting in the experts refute heresy”. He said: “Three classes of men that there is no prohibition in mengghibah them, one of whom is an expert in the extreme heresy heretical”. He also once said: “there is no backbiting terms in denouncing heretics and wicked perpetrators are manifest wickedness”. (Sayings is narrated by Al-Lalika’I in “Sharh Usul I’tiqod Ahlis Sunnah” 1/140)

8. Ibrahim An-Nakho’i v says:

“There is no backbiting in the experts refute heresy” (see Sunan Darimi 1/120)

9. Sufyan bin Uyainah v said:

“Imitators passions in religion there is no prohibition in mengghibahnya” (see “Mukhtashor Hujjah” by Nasr Al-Maqdisy p.538)

10. Abu Hamid Al-Ghozali after discussing the issue backbiting in his book “Ihya ‘Ulumuddin” he said:

“Know that backbiting is permissible for disyari’atkan for purposes that may not be up to him except with the backbiting, then there is no sin in it. It was there on the 6th state “. (Ihya ‘Ulumuddin 3/152)

From the sayings of the Salaf experts have been clear to the Sunnah above we will bolehnya mengghibah the heretic people with the aim of explaining / menyikap nature of their error to these people. It could even be mandatory, but please note that it is permissible mengghibah innovation experts with the following conditions:

1. Sincere for Allah and the purpose of denouncing / refute heresy expert is advising the Muslims and warned them of the dangers of their heresy. In addition to this purpose then it backbiting is forbidden, such as personal enmity, envy against heresy experts etc.

2. The perpetrators spread heresy heretical. If the offender is heresy to hide / not spreading heretical then it should not mengghibahnya. Because the perpetrators mengghibah heresy (heretics people) goal for enjoining unjust and it can not be done unless it is revealed heretical / disseminated in the community

3. Expert heresy is still alive and not dead. If the person (deceiving people) had died then it should not mengghibahnya, except if he has the books (the writings) and the followers of the load and spread heretical then obliged to warn people of it.

4. Be fair to refute the expert heresy, apostasy explain / kebid ‘ahannya without lying / no-fetched. (See “Mauqif ahlis Sunnah wal Jama’ah min ahlil ahwa ‘wal heresy” by DR. Ibrahim Ar-Ruhaily 2/506-509)


Sumber : Majalah adz-Dzakhiirah

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Editor : — 29 Januari 2007

Author: Ustadz Abu Hamza Yusuf
Aqidah, 21 – July -, 2003, 03:09:34

Every believer certainly can not deny the recognition of the depths of his heart that the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam is the figure of the teacher / lecturer is best. The method of the Messenger of Allaah alaihi Wassalam aqidah to instill confidence in his Companions, including the still very young, the most relevant is the method applied in various situations era.

In a time when every Muslim parents began to worry about his faith and morals, educators began to worry about the personality development of the students, we must look back at how the Messenger of Allaah ‘alaihi Wassalam exemplify faith laying a solid foundation to a friend, as well as his young cousin that time, namely Ibn Abbas radliyallahu ‘anhu.

Historical evidence describes the benefits of teaching methods Messenger of Allaah ‘alaihi Wassalam which led to personal faith and knowledgeable as Ibn Abbas. We then get to know him as a scholar ‘among the Prophet’s companions, a commentators, as well as a role model who adorn themselves with good moral, attitude wara’, piety, and fear only God alone.

Ibn Abbas so many good qualities that we can not mention just a few fingers. He is someone who is prayed by the Messenger of Allaah alaihi Wassalam:
“O God, he pahamkanlah in Dien problems, and teach it ta’wil (Tafsir Al Quran)”. He is also a two-time prayed Messenger of Allaah ‘alaihi Wassalam order awarded by the wisdom of God. No one doubted maqbulnya prayer Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam, the most pious man in the sight of Allah.
Let kitak see one of the great teaching methods that, henceforth we use the same in guiding our children pave the way to God’s guidance and direction. Mentioned in a hadith:
Radliyallahu of Ibn Abbas’ anhu: “One day I ever rode behind the Prophet (on the vehicle), he said to me:” O my son, I will teach you a few sentences:
Keep Allah, Allah will take care of you …
Take care of Allah, you will see God in front of you …
If you ask, ask Allah …
If you ask for help, please ask God …
Know … if all the people (jinn and men) come together to give a useful gift to you, it will not be useful to you, unless it has been established by God (will be beneficial to you) …
Know … if all the people (jinn and men) gather to harm you, not be able to hurt you at all, unless it has been established by God (will be up and hurt you) …
The pens have been lifted … and dry the sheets … (hadith narrated by Tirmidhi, Hasan Saheeh)

This is one testament Messenger of Allaah ‘alaihi Wassalam that characterizes the heart of Ibn Abbas, plunge and rooted, and led to a steady faith in God. We also see how the methods of propaganda Messenger of Allaah ‘alaihi Wassalam, this is the first time that implanted monotheism, how should man positioned himself in front of God. Humans should devote all his life to live and subservient only to God. It is not the Messenger of Allaah alaihi Wassalam precede monotheism taught something before the problem.

If people want to always be in the care of God, then he must ‘keep’ God. Meaning of the words of the Messenger of Allaah alaihi Wassalam: “Take care of Allah, Allah will take care of you …” is explained by a cleric ‘Daqiqiel named Ibn’ Eid: “Be thou people who obey your Lord, doing His commandments, and quit (working ) His prohibitions “. (Sharh al-Arba’in hadiitsan an-nawawiyah).
We keep God’s boundaries and beyond. Restrictions it is God’s law, the legal determination of halal and haram of God, which is only Allah alone is entitled to establish such laws, as in the verse: It means: “… determination is the right of God’s law” (QSYusuf: 40)

God denounced those who go beyond the limits of his: It means: “… and whoever is beyond the limits of Allah, then they are the ones who dhalim” (QS Albaqarah: 229).
Imam al-Qurtubi in his commentary on the book of this verse states: “Limitation is divided into two, namely: limit orders (to) do and limit restrictions (to) be abandoned.
Messenger of Allaah ‘alaihi Wassalam in this hadith signaled that those who always keep God’s boundaries that he will always be in the care of God. So who else is better than God’s custody? Allah is the Best to guard. Mentioned in the Quran:
“And if they turn away, then know that Allah is your Guardian. He is the Protector and the best of the best of Helpers “(Surah Al-Anfaal: 40).

Naashir Abdirrahman Shaykh bin As-Sa’di in his commentary explains: … “It is God who maintains his servants the believers, and delivering on them (all) the good / mashlahat, and make it easier for those benefits Dien his world and life, and God help and protect them from the people fujjar treason and overt hostility from those whose bad manners and Dien. (Book Taisiril Kariimir Rahman fi Tafsiiri Kalaamil Mannaan).

Apostle word meaning “Take care of Allah, you will see God in front of you …”. Abdirrahman Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Qasim ibn an-Najdi Hanbaly Hasyiyah Tsalatsatil Usul in his book, explaining the meaning of the hadith is: “Keep the boundaries of God and His commandments, He will surely take care of you wherever you are”.

“If you ask, memohonlah to God, if you ask for help, please ask God”. It is the embodiment of our recognition that we are always repeated in prayer: Iyyaaka na’budu waiyyaaka nasta’iin
“Only to You we worship the one and only lah Thee we ask for help” (Surah Al-Fatihah: 5).

Sentences that often we repeat in our munajad with the Ruler of the entire world, will actually imprint and color our lives? Have we really animates the meaning of this statement so that the terminal escape our complaints and the last is He the Sovereign over all things? Thus it should be. At the moment we believe there is a certain point, as the limit of all beings whoever he is, will not be able to handle it, we went back to where we came from and where we return. Is the unfolding of consciousness is the most in demand we are still willing to help us share the truth only God is able, to beings other than Him? Indeed it is the greatest form of tyranny.

God perpetuate a form of advice mulya that will always be remembered:

Meaning: “And remember when Luqman said to his son, in case he advised him:” O my son do not be partners with Allah, indeed shirk is the greatest tyranny “(QSLuqman: 13)
Ask for help in a problem that only God is able to fulfill, such as sustenance, happiness, success, safety, and a similar one, to other than Allah is the greatest, including form of tyranny that (shirk). By contrast, if we ask for help in the problems that humans are normally given the ability by God to fulfill, such as mutual help fellow Muslims in terms of financial, trade and semisalnya.

“You know … if all the people (jinn and men) come together to give a useful gift to you, it will not be useful to you, unless it has been established by God (will be beneficial to you) …” You know … if all beings (jinn and men) gather together to harm you, not be able to hurt you at all, unless it has been established by God (going up and hurt you) … Two temple greeting Messenger of Allaah ‘alaihi Wassalam is to reinforce and give a definite argument that God alone is entitled to be a place depends, ask for help , because only He alone is able to determine the benefit or harm will befall a creature. Messenger of Allaah ‘alaihi Wassalam also taught us dhikr after the prayer that reinforce the recognition that:

“Allahumma laa maani’a limaa a’thoyta walaa mu’tiya limaa mana’ta”

Meaning: “O God … nothing prevents what you give and nobody can give what You prevent / block …” (hadith narrated by Bukhari 2/325 and Muslim 5/90, see Sahih al-Waabilus Shayyib terminal Kalamit Tayeb, Sheikh Salim bin ‘Eid Al-Hilaly).

In the hadith it also contained an important lesson of the necessity of faith toward God taqdir good or bad. If the whole thing together and mobilize its efforts to give something to someone, it will not be acceptable if it is not destined by God, and vice versa in an attempt to mencelakakan.Kesadaran this also should be fostered.

Parents should provide images that is easily understood by the child about the power of God and taqdirnya. The children began to be invited to think Islamy, that everything be his it is a gift from God and God has predestined to him. Similarly, what is missing from the child’s efforts to achieve it, God has not destined to reach her.

Pens have been lifted and the pages have dried …. that is, everything that happens in this world has been written provisions and only God knows. Allah says:
“No misfortune that befell on earth and (not too) or in yourselves but is inscribed in the book (Tablet Mahfuz) before We bring it. Verily, that is easy for Allah. (We explain such) that you may not grieve for what escapes you, and that you do not get too excited about what he hath given thee. And Allah does not love any arrogant person who prides herself again, “(Surat al-Hadid :22-23).

It was wonderful to feel if exemplary teaching of the Messenger of Allaah alaihi Wassalam this we actually follow up in an effort to equip our children. Coloring their hearts are still white as white paper without a scratch before. So that when they grow up, we will reap the rewards. Where the parents are proud that no one will see her children grow up to be a tough man, faithful and knowledgeable Dien steady and ready devote himself to God alone and ready to fight to uphold his sentence, jihad fi sabiilillah. There is nothing to fear but just, and because God alone.

List of references:
1. Sharh al-Arba’in Hadiitsan an-Nawawiyah, Imam Ibn Daqiiqil ‘Eid.
2. Taisiril Kariimir Rahman fi tafsiiri Kalaamil Mannan, Shaykh bin Naashir Abdirrahman As Sa’di
3. Tafsir Al-Qurthuby.
4. Saheeh al-Tayeb Kalamit Waabilus Shayyib terminal, Shaikh Salim bin ‘Eid al-Hilaly.
5. Hasyiyah Tsalaatsatil Usul, Abdirrahman Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Qasim ibn an-Najdi Hanbaly.

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