Adjective clause

Adjective clause adalah suatu anak kalimat pengganti kata sifat yang fugsinya menerangkan noun / pernoun sebelumnya yang diawali dengan kata sambung. Bedasarkan pada antecedent – ( the noun pernoun being modified is called the antecedent ) yang di tunjuk oleh introductory words ( kata kata pendahuluannya ) adjective clause dapat di klasifikasikan menjadi 2 macam.

  1. Relative pronoun ( kata ganti penghubung ) yang di gunakan untuk membuat kalimat majemuk adalah :

Person + who/that + p                          pengganti subjek

Person + whom/that + s + p                                pengganti objek

Person + whose + noun (milik)          pengganti kepunyaan

  1. Kata “ which “ kadang di gunakan untuk mengganti kata pengganti milik benda “ whose “ tetapi letaknya berbeda.
  • The dictionary whose colour  is blue expensive
  • The dictionary, the colour of which is blue is expensive
  1. Kata “ where/ in which “ digunakan untujk kata pengganti keterangan tempat  dan kata when /on which di gunakan untuk kata pengganti keterangan waktu

Sebagai subjek

  • I meet the lady. She talked to your mother

I meet the lady who talked to your mother

  • I bought the novel yesterday. It tells about “laila majnun “

I bought the novel which tells about “ laila majnun “

Sebagai  objek

  • I called the girl. My mother met her

I called the girl whom my mother met.

I called the girl, my mother met

  • I bought the book yesterday. My sister  wanted it.

I bought the book which my sister wanted.

I bought the book, my sister wanted.

Relative pronoun pengganti objek dapat di hilangkan. Sedangkan pengganti subjek tidak dapat dihilangkan.

  1. 2. Relative adverb

  1. Kata why ( yang menunjukan alasan ) yang menjadi adverb penghubung, mungkin ( kadang kadang ) dapat di gantikan dengan that atau kadang kadang dapat di hilangkan dalam kalimat.
  • The reason ( that ) I came should be obvious to you

The reason  ( why ) I came  should be obvious to you

The reason I came should be obvious to you

  1. When atau where sering di tukarkan dengan prepositionyang menunjukan tempat di tambah dengan which.
  • The small town in which (=where ) I was born has grown to a large metropolis
  • Yhe day on which (= when ) they were to leave finally arrived.

Sumber            :  buku complete English grammar karangan suryadi junaida, s.pd